The importance of fossil fuels in the EU has decreased in 30 years. They rely on them least in Sweden


The share of fossil resources in gross energy consumption in the European Union averaged 71 percent at the end of 2019. That’s about 11 percentage points lower than in 1990. Fossil resources are of the lowest in Sweden, where less than a third are used.

The Member States of the European Union still rely heavily on fossil energy sources. At the end of 2019, their share of the energy mix was 71 percent. This is based on the information currently published by eurostat, the European statistical office. Energy consumption includes both electricity generation and the use of energy resources in transport and heating.

Since 1990, however, their share has declined, having exceeded 82 percent almost 30 years ago. Sweden has the lowest share of fossil resources (32 percent), while Malta (97 percent) relies on them the most. Just behind Malta, Cyprus and the Netherlands rank 92 percent. Of the countries of the former Soviet bloc, Latvia is the best off, covering only 61 percent of its energy needs with fossil resources. Slovakia’s share of fossil resources is one percentage point higher, with the Czech Republic using them for almost three quarters.


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